Prevention of Ebola virus disease
Learn how Ebola can be prevented.
How can Ebola be prevented?
There is currently no licensed vaccine or treatment for Ebola.
If you are in a region where an Ebola outbreak has occurred, take the following precautions.
Contact with infected people
Avoid direct contact with the bodily fluids of people with Ebola or unknown illnesses, including:
- breast milk
- vaginal fluid
You should also avoid direct contact with:
- bodies of people who have died of Ebola or unknown illnesses
- medical equipment (like needles) contaminated with blood or bodily fluids
Contact with wild animals
Avoid both live and dead wild animals because they could be potential carriers of Ebola, including:
- fruit bats
- forest antelope
Health care workers
If you are a health care worker:
- practise strict infection control measures, including isolating infected individuals and using personal protective equipment properly, including:
- disinfect or dispose of instruments and equipment properly after treating Ebola patients
- needles should be throw out as disinfection could be dangerous
- scalpels and thermometers should be disinfected
For in-depth information about prevention measures in a health care setting, consult the section for health professionals.
If you are returning to Canada from a country where there is an Ebola outbreak, you should monitor your health. This will prevent the spread of the disease if you are sick.
You can monitor your health by following the information in the Ebola Self-Monitoring Kit.
The kit includes the following:
- a thermometer to check your temperature twice daily for 21 days
- instructions on how to use your thermometer
- self-monitoring instructions for travellers entering Canada
- symptom monitoring guide
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