Prevention of Ebola virus disease

Learn how Ebola can be prevented.

How can Ebola be prevented?

There is currently no licensed vaccine or treatment for Ebola.

If you are in a region where an Ebola outbreak has occurred, take the following precautions.

Contact with infected people

Avoid direct contact with the bodily fluids of people with Ebola or unknown illnesses, including:

  • urine
  • blood
  • saliva
  • vomit
  • semen
  • breast milk
  • vaginal fluid

You should also avoid direct contact with:

  • bodies of people who have died of Ebola or unknown illnesses
  • medical equipment (like needles) contaminated with blood or bodily fluids

Contact with wild animals

Avoid both live and dead wild animals because they could be potential carriers of Ebola, including:

  • gorillas
  • monkeys
  • fruit bats
  • porcupines
  • chimpanzees
  • forest antelope

Health care workers

If you are a health care worker:

  • practise strict infection control measures, including isolating infected individuals and using personal protective equipment properly, including:
    • gowns
    • masks
    • gloves
    • goggles
  • disinfect or dispose of instruments and equipment properly after treating Ebola patients
    • needles should be throw out as disinfection could be dangerous
    • scalpels and thermometers should be disinfected

For in-depth information about prevention measures in a health care setting, consult the section for health professionals.

Returning travellers

If you are returning to Canada from a country where there is an Ebola outbreak, you should monitor your health. This will prevent the spread of the disease if you are sick.

You can monitor your health by following the information in the Ebola Self-Monitoring Kit.

The kit includes the following:

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