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Surveillance of Zika virus
Learn how Zika virus is monitored.
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Has Zika virus been detected in Canada?
As of September 22, 2016, 282 travel-related cases, 2 sexually transmitted cases and 2 reports of maternal-to-fetal transmission have been detected in Canada. There's ongoing low risk to Canadians travelling to countries or areas in the U.S. with reported mosquito-borne Zika virus.
The data will be updated on Thursdays. The next update will be made on Thursday, September 29, 2016.
|Country||Acquired through sexual transmission||Maternal-to-fetal transmission||Travel-related|
As of September 22, 2016, Canada confirms 2 maternal-to-fetal transmissions of Zika virus, including one with severe neurological congenital anomalies.
|Number of pregnancies reported among Zika-infected women||Maternal-to-fetal transmission|
|No Zika-related anomalies observed||Zika-related anomalies observed|
The number of reported Zika-related pregnancies may not reflect all pregnancies among Zika-positive women in Canada.
The data for maternal-to-fetal transmission outcomes include observations made during:
- pregnancy losses
Pregnancy losses include:
Zika-related congenital anomalies could present as:
- neurological manifestations of varying degrees, ranging from mild to severe, and/or
- a congenital syndrome associated with Zika virus infection, including, but not limited to, microcephaly
For privacy reasons, further information cannot be disclosed.
How many cases are there of Zika virus around the world?
The virus was first identified in humans in the 1950s. From 1951 through 1981, evidence of human Zika virus infection was reported from African countries and in parts of Asia.
In 2007, the first major outbreak of Zika virus occurred in Micronesia (Yap island) in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. This was the first time that Zika virus was detected outside of Africa and Asia.
Between 2013 and 2015, several significant outbreaks were noted on islands and archipelagos from the Pacific region. This included a large outbreak in French Polynesia.
In early 2015, Zika virus emerged in South America with widespread outbreaks reported in Brazil and Colombia.
To date, 6 countries, territories and areas have reported cases of microcephaly and/or central nervous system malformation potentially associated with Zika virus infection. Monitoring of pregnant women in other countries experiencing Zika virus outbreaks is ongoing
How does Canada monitor Zika virus?
The National Microbiology Laboratory is able to detect the virus and offers testing support to provinces and territories.
As part of their West Nile virus surveillance programs, several provinces and territories conduct mosquito surveillance activities.
In the future, consideration could be given to enhancing mosquito surveillance to detect an incursion of new mosquito species into Canada. This would include those species responsible for Zika virus transmission.
For more information
- Travel health notice: Zika virus
- World Health Organization: Disease Outbreak News
- World Health Organization: Situation reports
- Advice to travellers to Zika-affected countries (poster)
- U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Zika virus
- European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control: Rapid Risk Assessment Zika virus Disease, Sixth update, May 20, 2016
- Pan American Health Organization
- Date modified: