Caffeine and kids
Caffeine can be found in products such as soft drinks, coffee, tea, energy drinks, and even chocolate. So how much caffeine is safe for kids?
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Harmful effects of caffeine
Children who consume too much caffeine may suffer some of the following short-term effects:
- difficulty falling asleep
How much caffeine is safe for kids?
Children and teens should not exceed the following daily maximums:
|Age||Maximum amount of caffeine per day|
|4-6 years||45 mg (about one can of cola)|
|7-9 years||62.5 mg (about one and a half cans of cola)|
|10-12 years||85 mg (about two cans of cola)|
|13 years and up||Varies depending on weightFootnote 1|
How much caffeine do beverages contain?
|Beverage||Approx. caffeine content|
|Soft drink (cola)||31 mg||46 mg||77 mg|
|Chocolate milk||8 mg||12 mg||20 mg|
|Hot chocolate||5 mg||8 mg||13 mg|
|Energy drink||95 mg||142 mg||180 mg|
|Coffee||150 mg||225 mg||375 mg|
|Tea||43 mg||65 mg||108 mg|
|Green tea||30 mg||45 mg||75 mg|
While an increasing number of caffeinated energy drinks are being sold in stores alongside soft drinks and juice, these beverages are not recommended for children.
Children should also avoid taking energy shots, which are often sold in small containers near the cash register.
Did you know?
Caffeine can sometimes interact with medications. Talk to your family doctor about possible interactions if your child is taking medication.
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