The festive season
Holidays are busy and joyous times, but holiday routines give rise to greater safety hazards than usual. Blazing fireplaces, a dry evergreen tree, faulty ornamental lights, unsafe sleepwear and candles left unattended can all pose fire hazards. Minimize the risk by following these safety tips:
- Never leave burning candles unattended. Keep them out of the reach of children and away from pets, tree decorations and wrapping paper.
- Cut candle wicks short to prevent high flames.
- If candles are used in a centerpiece, make sure they don't burn low enough to ignite the decorations.
- Use sturdy candle holders that won't easily tip over.
- When buying a real tree, make sure it's fresh (you can tell if the needles are hard to pull off). Water the tree daily once you bring it indoors for decorating.
- Place the tree away from high traffic areas and doorways. Make sure the tree is well-secured in a sturdy stand.
- Place the tree away from heating vents, radiators, stoves, fireplaces and burning candles.
- Keep metal, sharp or breakable tree ornaments with small removable parts away from young children.
- Dispose of the tree as soon as the holidays are over, or as soon as the needles start to fall. Dispose of it according to local regulations--most municipalities have tree recycling programs.
- Only use lights that have the mark of an accredited certification agency such as CSA, cUL or cETL. The video on this webpage contains a list of accredited certification marks.
- Choose the right light for the job: light strings and other decorations are rated for indoor or outdoor use. Ensure that indoor lights and decorations are only used inside. Read the package instructions and do not exceed the recommended wattage.
- Check all light bulbs before you put them up. Replace broken or burned-out bulbs with those recommended by the manufacturer.
- Check the light strings and extension cords you use, discarding any that are frayed or have exposed wires, loose connections or broken light sockets. Never run electrical cords through doorways or under carpets.
- Avoid plugging too many lights and decorations into an outlet. Overloaded circuits can overheat and start a fire.
- Use Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI) outlets when plugging in outdoors.
- Turn off all holiday lights before you go to bed or leave your home.
Fireplaces and wood stoves
- Always use a secure and suitable screen in front of your fireplace, see the manufacturer's recommendation.
- Have the chimney cleaned and inspected annually. This is to help prevent chimney fires. Some chimneys may need more frequent cleaning depending on use.
- Burn seasoned hardwood: it leaves less creosote in the chimney than other woods or artificial logs.
- If using firelogs, follow the manufacturer's instructions. Use only one log at a time.
- Never burn wood that has been painted or chemically treated
- Put any fire out before going to bed or leaving your home.
- Make sure the chimney is drawing well and the damper is open so that wood smoke does not come into the room.
- Keep children away from the fireplace. When in use, the glass doors can become hot and stay hot even after use, enough to cause serious burns.
- Alarms save lives: make sure to have working Smoke alarms and Carbon Monoxide alarms in your home.
Some provinces, territories and municipalities may have specific laws or regulations around the use of fireplaces and wood stoves. Make sure you know the rules in your area.